Sibiu's historical and architectural heritage

 

The Large Square - Introduction

Important objectives of this street:
foto
harta
The Large Square - Introduction

The square exists since 1366, when the third fortification belt was completed.
It was mentioned in 1408 by Mathias Baldi who bought and repaired a stone house in the Large Square. In 1411 Mathia Tromenauer sells a stone house situated in this square to Nicolaus Jenkowitz. The same year, the square is mentioned in a document as a cereal market.
The northern flank was first formed by a construction belonging to the Guild of Tailors, erected in 1466 (one of its wings looking onto the Small Square) and other medieval houses.
During the Middle Ages, the square was the stage of the most important events of the city’s daily life, such as public gatherings but also executions.
The guards’ house was placed in front of the Haller House (at no. 10) until 1775 when the Guard was moved in Schmelius’s house, the residence of the commanding general.
The square has a maximum length of 142 m and a maximum width of 93 m.


Main events:

1703
In 1703, in this place is beheaded Committees Zabanius Johann von Sachs Harteneck
1724 Between 1724 and 1757, a “lunatics’ cage” (Narrenhausel) was placed in this square, in which those who disturbed the silence of the night were exhibited during day time. In 1757 it was relocated in the Small Square.
1753 The wooden stage installed in the square was dismantled for fear of fires.
1775 The passageway between the Large Square and the Schiller Square, built as early as 1558, was now widened (The General’s Hall, Generalloch);
1858 The first two hackney carriages appeared in the Large Square;
1862 Five lamps and an iron grid were installed around the statue of Nepomuk;
1868 Lime trees were planted in front of the Catholic Church;
1869 The two guard canons situated in front of the building situated at no. 7 were taken away;
1874 The Square was paved with granite stones and lime trees were planted
1950 In July 1950, the central part of the square was transformed in a green area and all the urban furniture pieces in the square were dismantled.
1984 The park which had been inauspiciously implanted in the central square of a city with a medieval mark was wiped off. In 1986 the statue of scholar Gheorghe Lazăr, produced by sculptor Radu Aftenie, was placed in the square
2005 The square entered a profound rehabilitation process. Within this process the statue of Gheorghe Lazar was demolished and replaced in 2006 with a smaller sized version of the first statue (it is 3.2 meters high), produced by the same sculptor. The iron grid fountain was recreated here and the square was paved with granite and stone pavement.

The Fountain of the Large Square 

The existence of a fountain in this location is mentioned in 1538, its basin being used by women to wash clothes and its gutters were used by animals to drink water.
In 1798 the fountain was adorned with a wrought iron shade donated to the city by Fileck, the leather dresser. Fileck also financed the construction of a new basin in 1819. In 1920 the old iron grid of the fountain situated in this square is reinstalled. The grid was donated by general Falkenhayn in 1916 and on top it had a stork with a snake in its beak. In 1948 the fountain was demolished. In 2006 the iron grid fountain was recreated.

 

Statue of Roland
ronald

Between 1550 and 1783 the pole of infamy was placed in the Large Square, crowned by the stone statue of Roland, sculpted in 1550 by master Onofforus, a Florentine craftsman it seems. A statue of Roland from the 17th century is sheltered by the Brukenthal National Museum, supposedly the third such statue to be placed in the square. It has a height of 1.05 meters. Knight Roland was represented in all the important cities in Germany by large dimensions statues presenting a man in his armor, with a sword in his hand, being the symbol of the legislative autonomy of that particular town.

Statue of Nepomuk
nepomuk

Since 1734 the Large Square was dominated by the statue of Nepomuk, erected by the city commander, general Wallis.
John of Nepomuk is a national saint of the Czech Republic, who was drowned in the Vltava river at the behest of Wenceslaus, King of the Romans and King of Bohemia

In 1948 the statue of Nepomuk was moved in the second courtyard of the Brukenthal Museum. Now it can be seen in the courtyard of the Roman-Catholic Parish House.

Comments

Georg Schoenpflug von Gambsenberg @ 16/07/2014, 1:08
Georg16 iulie 2014, 00:22

Dupa fotografierea din mai multe unghiuri (Junius 2012) in LAPIDARIUM, dupa examinarea cativa ani de-a randul a bibliografiei vechi, foarte vechi si noi, urmarind la unii argumentatia, la altii de unde copiaza orbeste omitand amanunte semnificative:

Statuia ROLAND este ORIGINALUL din 1550...facuta la indemnul si sub primarul Petrus Haller von Hallerstein...
Pana si Soterius in Cibinium scrie din burta ...statuia era la reparatii, nu faceau alta...O sa argumentez pe sibiul.ro amanuntit, aici am facut-o si mi-a sters serverul tot..

Numai mainile si picioarele carpite mereu cu stift de metal si plumb topit.. spatha inlocuita fiindca ruginea mereu...De la spatha porneste toata nenorocirea..Fierul oxideaza, se dilata si rupe piatra mainilor...Spatha trebuia inlocuita foarte des..Deci si mainile...Dar luarea repetata de pe soclu strica picioarele..carpite tot cu stift si PLUMB TOPIT...
Acesta este de fapt SEMNUL ca statuia a fost de nenumarate ori REPARATA, deci ESTE ORIGINALUL...

Argumentele stilistice ale lui Otto Czekelius sunt complet depasite, iar argumentul lui cu armura si coiful, ca ar fi aparut ASA doar in sec XVII sunt aiurea..poate atunci nu se stia, dar armura si coiful (casca mai precis) CORESPUND perfect si sunt tipice pentru jumatatea sec. al XVI-lea (ACUM avem internet si putem verifica, la moda era atunci Alpatov, Istoria Artelor..)...

.Julianna Fabritius Dancu , si apoi ceilalti copiaza neverificand, argumentele de istoria-artei aduse de ARHITECTUL Otto Czekelius...pe care eu il iubesc si admir, dar aici ....iau distanta necesara...

Deci statuia Roland din Hermannstadt Bruckenthal/LAPIDARIUM (acum) este ORIGINALUL din 1550.. facuta sub primarul Petrus Haller von Hallerstein...

Georg Schoenpflug von Gambsenberg
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